On 9 January 2016 Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reported that Russian air strikes in the northwestern town of Maarrat al-Nu'man had killed about 60 persons including 23 members of the.
The Free Syrian Army's "Homs Liberation Movement" threatened suicide bombings against Russians. "exploding suicide drones" have allegedly been deployed by Iran and Russia according to some American media sources.[unreliable source?] On 16 August 2016 Russian Tu-22M bombers and Su-34 strike fighters began to use Iran′s Hamedan Airbase for conducting raids. In September 2015 Russia′s warships of the Black Sea Fleet reached the area of eastern Mediterranean. syria: A Russian military adviser died in a hospital in Syria on 1 February after suffering severe wounds when a Syrian army training center in Homs Province was shelled. The Russian military on 12 September said that 85 percent of Syria's territory had been ″liberated from illegal armed formations″ and the operation would continue. Free Syrian Army: Between 45,000 and 60,000 fighters (disputed) Islamic Front : (2015 only) 40,000–70,000 Over 40 anti-vernment groups including factions such as Ahrar al-Sham Jaysh al-Islam and the Levant Front were reported on 5 October to have vowed to attack Russian forces in retaliation for Moscow's air campaign. On 1 March the Russian defense ministry said it had deployed to the Khmeimim base additional radars and drones: three sets of surveillance equipment which included drones and two radar stations. Tahrir al-Sham: ,000 Ahrar al-Sham:
By mid-December 2016 the Syrian vernment with the help of its allies including Russia re-established control of Aleppo. On 14 January 2016 the Russian defence ministry said that the first joint bombing mission had been performed by Russian air force Su-25 fighters and Syrian air force MiG-29 aircraft.
With robust air cover provided by Russian airstrikes Assad's forces can start liberating and holding territory particularly in the extremely strategically vital corridor connecting Damascus and Aleppo Russian help provides Assad's military the distinct possibilities to regain the upper hand in the conflict particularly in northwestern and western Syria. After the meeting between Vladimir Putin and Ali Khamenei in Tehran on 23 November 2015 Iran was said to have made a decision to unify its stance vis-a-vis the Syrian leadership with Russia's. Photos of Uyghur fighters of the Turkistan Islamic Party were released with captions in Arabic that said "standing up strongly to the Nusayri army and the Russians." (المجاهدين التركستانيين يتصدى بقوة للجيش النصيري ومن. The use of Iran′s Hamadan Airbase by Russian military aircraft that began in mid-August 2016 marked a new level of cooperation between the countries in their support for the Syrian vernment On 1 January 2017 Russian and Turkish warplanes conducted joint airstrikes against ISIL as part of the Battle of al-Bab. Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant: 30,000–100,000 fighters (per the CIA and the Iraqi Kurdistan Chief.